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Aquatic nuisance or invasive species are nonindigenous species that threaten the diversity or abundance of native species or the ecological stability of infested waters, or commercial, agricultural, aquacultural, or recreational activities dependent on such waters. AIS include nonindigenous species that may occur in inland, estuarine and marine waters and that presently or potentially threaten ecological processes and natural resources.
California Cooperative Anadromous Fish and Habitat Data Program (CalFish) is a multi-agency cooperative program designed to gather, maintain, and disseminate fish and aquatic habitat data for California’s fisheries. There are many programs in California that are actively gathering, compiling, and analyzing fish and aquatic habitat data. Bringing all of this information together and making it available to a variety of users is crucial to the success of fisheries and habitat monitoring, evaluation, and management within the state.
The Electronic Monitoring Program tests the viability of Electronic Monitoring (EM) as a source of data to document individual accountability of catch and bycatch in the Pacific Trawl Rationalization Program.
The Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission's (PSMFC) Habitat Program is involved in programs on the West Coast that further habitat protection for anadromous, estuarine, and marine fish species. Program efforts are focused on estuarine and watershed conservation and restoration, and watershed education for decision makers. The program also works to assist fishermen and communities with recycling fishing nets, gear, and other marine debris.
Pacific Marine Pilot Projects: In 2017 PSMFC entered into an agreement with the NOAA Fisheries Office of Aquaculture to support establishing or expanding regional pilot projects for marine aquaculture for the U.S. West Coast states of Alaska, California, Oregon and Washington, as well as Hawaii and U. S. Pacific Islands. NOAA has similar agreements in place with the Gulf and Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commissions.
The mission of the Pacific Ballast Water Group (PBWG) is to promote development and implementation of safe, economical, effective management of aquatic nuisance species associated with West Coast shipping. The PBWG serves as a coordinating body to share information and formulate consensus solutions on ballast water management and research issues of common concern to regulators, managers, scientists and the shipping industry on the West Coast (Canada, California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska).
The Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission’s (PSMFC) Pacific Fisheries Bycatch Program is a collaborative program established in 2008 and designed to develop techniques to reduce bycatch in West Coast fisheries. This program and its collaborative partners have been able to pursue a wide-ranging array of conservation engineering projects relevant to reducing bycatch in west coast trawl fisheries. These projects have provided valuable information to industry and management.
The Pacific Fisheries Information Network (PacFIN) provides timely and accurate data essential for effective fisheries management. The nation’s first regional fisheries data network, PacFIN is a joint Federal and State data collection and information management project. The PacFIN aggregates detailed and summarized state and federal fisheries data to allow fishery managers and associated agencies to track commercial fish catches by area. This helps the states, the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), and other agencies manage fisheries and fishery resources more effectively. The need for this data has become more critical as the demand on our fisheries has increased.