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Aquatic nuisance or invasive species are nonindigenous species that threaten the diversity or abundance of native species or the ecological stability of infested waters, or commercial, agricultural, aquacultural, or recreational activities dependent on such waters. AIS include nonindigenous species that may occur in inland, estuarine and marine waters and that presently or potentially threaten ecological processes and natural resources.
California Cooperative Anadromous Fish and Habitat Data Program (CalFish) is a multi-agency cooperative program designed to gather, maintain, and disseminate fish and aquatic habitat data for California’s fisheries. There are many programs in California that are actively gathering, compiling, and analyzing fish and aquatic habitat data. Bringing all of this information together and making it available to a variety of users is crucial to the success of fisheries and habitat monitoring, evaluation, and management within the state.
The Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission's (PSMFC) Habitat Program is involved in programs on the West Coast that further habitat protection for anadromous, estuarine, and marine fish species. Program efforts are focused on estuarine and watershed conservation and restoration, and watershed education for decision makers. The program also works to assist fishermen and communities with recycling fishing nets, gear, and other marine debris.
The mission of the Pacific Ballast Water Group (PBWG) is to promote development and implementation of safe, economical, effective management of aquatic nuisance species associated with West Coast shipping. The PBWG serves as a coordinating body to share information and formulate consensus solutions on ballast water management and research issues of common concern to regulators, managers, scientists and the shipping industry on the West Coast (Canada, California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska).
The Pacific Fisheries Information Network (PacFIN) provides timely and accurate data essential for effective fisheries management. The nation’s first regional fisheries data network, PacFIN is a joint Federal and State data collection and information management project. The PacFIN aggregates detailed and summarized state and federal fisheries data to allow fishery managers and associated agencies to track commercial fish catches by area. This helps the states, the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), and other agencies manage fisheries and fishery resources more effectively. The need for this data has become more critical as the demand on our fisheries has increased.
Recreational Fisheries Information Network (RecFIN) is a coordinated fishery data collection, analysis, and monitoring program which seeks to integrate existing state and federal recreational data collection programs. RecFIN was designed to bring together the various organizations data collection efforts to more effectively gather information on the marine recreational fishery harvest, fishing effort, and the seasonal and geographical distribution of that catch and effort in support of management and stock assessment needs.
The Regional Mark Processing Center (RMPC) has been in operation since 1977 when it was decided that a centrally managed regional database was needed to share coded wire tag (CWT) data among the various fisheries agencies on the West Coast of the U.S. The RMPC undertakes the design, development, implementation, and on-going evaluation of the central database for the storage and retrieval of Pacific Coast wide CWTs and related fisheries information.
The Dungeness crab is a native species to Pacific nearshore habitat from Alaska to Mexico. It supports one of the West Coast’s most valuable fisheries, with about 99% of the Dungeness crab on the U.S. market coming from domestic sources. Landings of Dungeness crab in the fisheries of California, Oregon, and Washington have maintained a cyclical pattern for nearly 50 seasons. Harvests have ranged from 8 million to 54 million pounds, peaking approximately every 10 years.