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Aquatic nuisance or invasive species are nonindigenous species that threaten the diversity or abundance of native species or the ecological stability of infested waters, or commercial, agricultural, aquacultural, or recreational activities dependent on such waters. AIS include nonindigenous species that may occur in inland, estuarine and marine waters and that presently or potentially threaten ecological processes and natural resources.
The Electronic Monitoring Program tests the viability of Electronic Monitoring (EM) as a source of data to document individual accountability of catch and bycatch in the Pacific Trawl Rationalization Program.
The Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission's (PSMFC) Habitat Program is involved in programs on the West Coast that further habitat protection for anadromous, estuarine, and marine fish species. Program efforts are focused on estuarine and watershed conservation and restoration, and watershed education for decision makers. The program also works to assist fishermen and communities with recycling fishing nets, gear, and other marine debris.
The Northern Pikeminnow Management Program (NPMP) was started in an effort to reduce predation by northern pikeminnow on juvenile salmonids during their emigration from natal streams to the ocean. Pikeminnow eat millions of salmon and steelhead juveniles each year in the Columbia and Snake River systems. The goal of the program is not to eliminate pikeminnow, but rather to reduce the average size and curtail the number of larger older fish. Reducing the number of these native predators can greatly help the salmon and steelhead juveniles making it out to sea.
The mission of the Pacific Ballast Water Group (PBWG) is to promote development and implementation of safe, economical, effective management of aquatic nuisance species associated with West Coast shipping. The PBWG serves as a coordinating body to share information and formulate consensus solutions on ballast water management and research issues of common concern to regulators, managers, scientists and the shipping industry on the West Coast (Canada, California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska).
The Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission’s (PSMFC) Pacific Fisheries Bycatch Program is a collaborative program established in 2008 and designed to develop techniques to reduce bycatch in West Coast fisheries. This program and its collaborative partners have been able to pursue a wide-ranging array of conservation engineering projects relevant to reducing bycatch in west coast trawl fisheries. These projects have provided valuable information to industry and management.
The Pacific Fisheries Information Network (PacFIN) provides timely and accurate data essential for effective fisheries management. The nation’s first regional fisheries data network, PacFIN is a joint Federal and State data collection and information management project. The PacFIN aggregates detailed and summarized state and federal fisheries data to allow fishery managers and associated agencies to track commercial fish catches by area. This helps the states, the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), and other agencies manage fisheries and fishery resources more effectively. The need for this data has become more critical as the demand on our fisheries has increased.
The PIT Tag Information System (PTAGIS), is a data collection, distribution, and coordination project. The fundamental purpose of PTAGIS is to monitor the migratory habits of fish in migrating through the dams that comprise the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) by collecting and distributing data via electronic Passive Integrated Transponder (PIT) tags.